Depression

Low mood, and dislike of physical activity can affect a person’s thoughts, behavior, tendencies, feelings, and feelings of well-being. A depressed mood is a normal temporary reaction to life events
(for short or long period), such as the loss of a loved one, divorce, or other complicated situations of life. It is also a symptom of certain physical illnesses and a side effect of certain medications and medical treatments. Depressed mood can also be a symptom of certain mood disorders such as major depressive disorder

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Depression symptoms

.Depressed mood and loss of interest

Decreased interest in pleasure and daily activities. The person experiences one or more of the following emotions  :  sadness, sense emptiness, despair, indifference, anxiety, crying, pessimism etc.At the point   where the  person can  no longer participates in social activities, and becomes enclave on him/ herself.

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.Sleep – hypersomnia:

The person may sleep excessively
  – insomnia:

The person may  not have enough sleep.

.Feelings of guilt or worthlessness

Have a feeling of guilt above normal or delusional.
These feelings of guilt and uselessness are often inappropriate .

Loss of self esteem the person begin to feel shame and humiliation( which are not even real ).

.Loss of energy:

Lack of strength,  Feeling lazy,
and  dealing with prolonged fatigue even small tasks become more tiring.

.Decreased concentration:

Having difficulty remembering things, have trouble thinking , concentrating  or paying attention.

.Change in eating, appetite, or weight : 

Rapid weight loss or weight gain .Depression can either change  your appetite to the point where  feel so  hungry  all the time or simply you have no appetite.
.Motor activity

People with depression may be too active or very lethargic. They can talk more softly or speak less than usual. Relatives of depressed people may notice inappropriate actions .

.Thoughts of death and suicide

A depressed person may have recourse to death, or is often interested in suicide. The person can develop a specific plan, how, when and where. The depressed person wish to stop the emotional pain ,in so many cases
That Person thinks that may be the punishment to those who make him/her suffering.

 

Causes

  1. Life Events

Life events such as bereavement, neglect, mental abuse, physical abuse, sexual abuse

Death of loved one, divorce (In this situation a  person is affected for long term even for entire  life)

2. Other  complicated situations or changes 

There so many other complicated situations or changes in life which cause depression ,having a new child , menopause, financial difficulties, unemployment, stress from work, Education difficulties , family issues, living conditions,bullying and harassment , natural disasters, social isolation, rape, relationship troubles, jealousy

social rejection,racism ,social pressure etc…

3.certain physical illnesses 

 A- (Non-psychiatric illnesses)

There are many different types of  physical illness and each presents its own challenges

Here are some of  physical illness   may be the  cause depression  :Chronic pain diabetes,cancer, asthma multiple sclerosis,arthritis ,Parkinson’s disease, stroke ,and Injury Related illness, Cushing’s syndrome

B- Psychiatric syndromes

Here are some of psychiatric syndromes which may cause  depression:Bipolar disorder,dysthymia, major depressive episode,seasonal affective disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, trauma,Mood disorder,
borderline personality disorder, adjustment disorder with depressed mood  etc…

 

4. side effect of some drugs and medical treatments.

In so many cases healthcare cause depression.

Here are some of Therapies associated with depression:

interferon therapy, beta-blockers, isotretinoin, contraceptives,cardiac agents, anticonvulsants, antimigraine drugs, antipsychotics, and hormonal agents ( gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist).

 

Depression treatments.

Identify the signs and symptoms of depression as quickly as possible.

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Psychiatric medications

The management of depression can involve different therapies: drugs, behavioral therapy, psychotherapy and medical devices.

Although psychiatric medications are the most commonly prescribed treatment for the treatment of major depression, psychotherapy can be effective, alone or in combination with treatment.

Ask  for help

Ask for help from your relatives and friends, do not hesitate to tell them about your mental health issues , because social support is very important.

support group

In a support group, members provide each other with various types of help, usually nonprofessional and non material, for a particular shared, usually burdensome, characteristic. Members with the same issues can come together for sharing coping strategies, to feel more empowered and for a sense of community. The help may take the form of providing and evaluating relevant information, relating personal experiences, listening to and accepting others’ experiences, providing sympathetic understanding and establishing social networks. A support group may also work to inform the public or engage in advocacy.

Exercise

Exercise releases dopamine, which floods the brain with positive emotions. Dopamine can help fight stress, anxiety and depression. It can be difficult to force yourself to exercise, but once you go, you should feel good. Start and you will see how therapeutic it can be!

 

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