Using keyboard shortcuts can greatly increase your productivity, reduce repetitive strain, and help keep you focused. For example, to copy text, you can highlight text and press the Ctrl+C shortcut. The shortcut is faster than moving your hands from the keyboard, highlighting with the mouse, choosing copy from the file menu, and then returning to the keyboard.
Below are the top 10 keyboard shortcuts we recommend everyone memorize and use.
Ctrl+C or Ctrl+Insert and Ctrl+X
Both Ctrl+C and Ctrl+Insert will copy highlighted text or a selected item. If you want to cut an item instead of copying it, press Ctrl+X. This action removes the text or item and stores it in the clipboard for you, rather than just copying it to the clipboard while leaving the original behind.
Apple computer users can substitute the Ctrl key for the command (cmd) key on their computers. For example, pressing Cmd+C copies highlighted text.
Ctrl+V or Shift+Insert
Both the Ctrl+V and Shift+Insert will paste the text or object that’s stored in the clipboard.
On Apple computers, use Cmd+V instead.
Use the above text input fields to highlight the “Cut or copy this text” text and press either Ctrl+C to copy or Ctrl+X to cut the text. Once cut, move to the next field and press Ctrl+V or Shift+Insert to paste the text. For further demonstration, visit the following link.
Pressing Ctrl+Z will undo any change. For example, if you cut text, pressing this key combination will undo the cut. These shortcuts can also be pressed multiple times to undo or redo multiple changes. Pressing Ctrl+Y would redo the undo.
On Apple computers, use Cmd+Z and Cmd+Y to undo and redo.
Use the above text input field to highlight some or all of the text and then press Ctrl+Xto cut the text. Once the text has disappeared press the Ctrl+Z to undo the cut.
Tip: If you did the first example as well (cut and paste text) and you continue to press Ctrl+Z, it is also going to undo that change.
Ctrl+F and Ctrl+G
Pressing Ctrl+F opens the Find field, which allows you to search the text currently displayed in any program that supports it. For example, Ctrl+F can be used in your Internet browser to find text on the current page. Press Ctrl+F now to open the Find in your browser and search for “shortcut” to display each time shortcut is mentioned on this page.
On Apple computers, use Cmd+F to find.
Ctrl+G may be used to repeat a search (from using Ctrl+F) in a document or on a web page.
Alt+Tab or Ctrl+Tab
Pressing Alt+Tab switches between open programs moving forward. For example, if you have your browser window open and other programs running in the background press and hold Alt and then press the Tab key to cycle through each open program.
On Apple computers instead of using the Alt key use the Command (Cmd) key. For example, Cmd+Tab to switch between open programs.
Bonus Tip: Press Ctrl+Tab to switch between tabs in a program. For example, if you have multiple tabs open in your Internet browser, press Ctrl+Tab to switch between them.
Bonus Tip: Adding the Shift key to Alt+Tab or Ctrl+Tab moves backward. For example, if you are pressing Alt+Tab and pass the program you want to use, press Alt+Shift+Tab to move back to that program.
Bonus Tip: Windows Vista, 7, 8, and 10 users can also press the Windows Key+Tab to switch through open programs in a full screenshot of the window.
Ctrl+Backspace and Ctrl+Left or Right arrow
Note: The following shortcuts are for PC users only and do not work on Apple computers.
Pressing Ctrl+Backspace will delete a full word at a time instead of a single character.
Holding down the Ctrl key while pressing the left or right arrow will move the cursor one word at a time instead of one character at a time. If you want to highlight one word at a time, hold down Ctrl+Shift, then press the left or right arrow key. Your highlighted selection will move one word at a time in that direction.
While working on a document or another file in almost every program, pressing Ctrl+Ssaves that file. Use this shortcut key frequently if you’re working on anything important in case an error happens, you lose power, or any other issues that could cause you to any work since the last save.
On Apple computers, use Cmd+S to save a file.
Ctrl+Home or Ctrl+End
Ctrl+Home will move the cursor to the beginning of the document, and Ctrl+End will move the cursor to the end of a document. These shortcuts work with most documents, as well as web pages.
On Apple computers use Command and the Cmd and the up arrow to get to the beginning of a document or text or Cmd and the down arrow to get to the end of a document or text.
Control+P is used to open a print preview of the page or document currently being viewed. For example, press Ctrl+P now to view a print preview of this page.
On Apple computers use Cmd+P to open the print preview.
Page Up, Spacebar, and Page Down
As you may have guessed, pressing either the page up or page down key will move to the next or previous page. When browsing the Internet, pressing the spacebar moves the scrollbar down a page. Similarly, Shift+spacebar moves the scrollbar up one page.
As we all know there is various easy and simple software available which will let us to a bootable pendrive easily. We can mention some software that is widely use, that are Win 32 Disk Imager, UNetBootin, Rufus, etc. But sometimes they can’t get the things done when you really want them to or sometimes you don’t have them. So, here we are going to learn how to create bootable pendrive using cmd(windows command prompt).
Also, note that you can only create bootable pendrive for Windows Vista and later (7/8/8.1/10) using the command prompt. If you are looking to make bootable pendrive for Windows XP or any Linux Distribution, you will have to use third party tools.
Steps to Create Bootable Pendrive using CMD
CMD is available on all of the windows computers, so you would not have to worry about downloading any new package or software to make your pendrive bootable. It is a bit lengthy process but it traditional method and always works:
Run cmd(Command Prompt) as Administrator. (This is an important step because you are going to edit disks which require admin privileges)There are several ways to open a command prompt with admin rights:i) Press Windows + X and select Command Prompt(Admin).
ii) Open start menu, search cmd, right click and click run as administrator.
iii) Open task manager, click on file -> new task, tick Create this task with administrator privileges, type cmd and hit enter.
Connect your pendrive to your computer.
Type disk part and press enter. (This will open the windows inbuilt disk part utility which is used to manage the storage on your computer)
Type list disk and press enter. This will list all the storage device available on your computer.
Choose your pendrive. For that type select disk 1 and press enter. (Here it is disk 1. In your computer it may differ so choose wisely)
Type clean and press enter. This will erase all data from your pendrive.
Type create partition primary and press enter.
Type select partition 1 and press enter. This will choose the partition we just created.
Type format=fs NTFS quick and press enter. This will perform a quick format with the NTFS file system. (Windows use NTFS file system for storage)
Type active and press enter. This will mark your primary partition as active.
Type exit and press enter to exit disk part and then close the command prompt.
Now copy all the data from Windows installation disk to your pendrive.
Now your pendrive is bootable having desired windows installation.
If your pen drive is write-protected, you may not have the ability to modify files or format your drive due to restrictions associated with permissions and sharing. You can format a write-protected pen drive in Windows using Command Prompt.
Using Diskpart in Command Prompt (Windows)
Insert your write-protected pen drive into an open USB slot on your Windows computer.
Click on “Start” and type “cmd.exe” into the search field.
Double-click on Command Prompt to launch the program.
Type “diskpart,” then press Enter on your keyboard.
Type “list disk,” then press Enter.
Type “select disk x” — with x being the number of your pen drive as listed in Command Prompt — then press Enter. If unsure which number is associated with your pen drive, refer to the disk size listed. For example, if your pen drive is 2 GB, select the disk number next to the drive with 2 GB specified as the disk size.
Type “attributes disk clear readonly,” then press Enter.
Type “clean,” then press Enter.
Type “create partition primary,” then press Enter.
Type “format fs=fat32,” then press Enter. Alternately, you can replace “fat32” with “ntfs” if you plan on only using your pen drive with Windows devices.
Type “exit,” then press Enter. Your pen drive will now be formatted, and will no longer be write-protected.
Steps involved in accomplishing Remote Desktop Services–
STEP 1 – Remote Desktop Services set-up –
The Remote desktop feature is disabled by default in Windows 10, to explore and enjoy these Remote desktop services and must allow remote access to the target machine in order to establish the connection. To turn On the Remote desktop services – Go to File explore -> Search This PC -> Right click on It. When you right click on This PC the menu list will be available.
STEP 2 – Go to System Properties -> Remote tab and select “Allow remote connection to this computer” and also uncheck the box for “ Only allow connection computer running remote desktop with Network level Authentication” as this feature make the process more complicated and restricted providing the security compliance, So it’s better to uncheck the box mentioned above.
STEP 3 – After doing all the setting Click Apply and OK.
STEP 4 – Locating IP(Internet Protocol) Address.
In order to establish Remote connection, the IP address of the destination machine must be known, so that the remote IP address can be detected on network and connection can take place with the source machine. To find the IP address Open Command prompt it is also called cmd -> type ipconfig in cmd and press Enter. Series of information comes up in the cmd, search for IPv4 address, The IPv4 is the IP address of the machine and the ip we were looking for from destination PC to establish the remote connection. For users connected to home network can type whtismyipaddress in any browser and click Enter. The dedicated IP of the system appears. kindly make a note of it. So now we have the IP address of the Source and destination machines.
STEP 5 – Open Start menu -> search remote desktop -> select remote desktop connection.
Now the Remote desktop connection box appears where we will feed the IP address of the connecting system and click Connect. It might prompt for username and password as per the system configuration and Settings. Enter the credentials and user will be able to connect to the other PC and explore all features and functionalities of the other system with total control.
It’s no more news that every single week mums have a lot on their hands. Apart from the traditional roles at home, mums find themselves with more roles than ever before. Between a demanding career, running businesses and all the extra curricular activities to manage we need help to stay effective. Here are 7 great apps that can help us organize and simplify our busy schedules as well as reduce stress.
Keep is an app that lets you create notes and lists, set time and place reminders, and check off your completed tasks. You can put your thoughts down as they come and maintain inspiration on the go. Keep is available on
This app lets you stay organized with your daily tasks. It also helps you manage your personal goals, your family tasks, and your team’s projects in one place. Any.do is available for all devices. Get Any.do on:
This app caters for a wide variety of concerns about your health, helping you take complete responsibility for your health. This app has a Personal Health Record where you store all your health data such as allergies, medications, etc., Your doctor is able to remotely monitor the health data you track with your personal health devices. It also allows you to ask real doctors that have access to your personal health data questions about your health concerns. It has a feature that enables you to make all your doctors work together as a team giving you an integrated view of your health. Another exciting feature of ContinousCare is the Video Consultations that enables you to schedule video consultations with your doctor when you are out of town. This app is available
4. S Health
This app lets you monitor your exercise and eating habits and sleeping patterns.
Truppr is an app that connects you to events and people to help make regular exercise a lifestyle. It is available on
6. Organize Chores
Chorma is an app that can help you with organizing chores in your home. It’s incredibly easy and fun to use. This app takes away the burden of always coordinating who does what in the house. The app is able to sync across the devices of the members of the house so everyone knows who is responsible for a particular task and when the task ought to be done. You also don’t need to worry much about motivating the kids or your partner to do their chores, as Chorma lets you earn points for completing your chores. Chorma is available on
7.Stay Up To Date
As a digital mum you probably have Nigerian sites you visit regularly to stay up-to-date on news, get shopping offers, celebrity gist and events. Amebo brings all the information you need from various sites into one place for your convenience. So you can balance your roles and still be up-to-date.
You can create a bootable USB flash drive to use to deploy Windows Server Essentials. The first step is to prepare the USB flash drive by using DiskPart, which is a command-line utility. For information about DiskPart, see DiskPart Command-Line Options.
To create a bootable USB flash drive for use in recovering or reinstalling Windows on a PC instead of a server, see Create a recovery drive.
For additional scenarios in which you may want to create or use a bootable USB flash drive, see the following topics:
In the new command line window that opens, to determine the USB flash drive number or drive letter, at the command prompt, type list disk, and then click ENTER. The list disk command displays all the disks on the computer. Note the drive number or drive letter of the USB flash drive.
At the command prompt, type select disk <X>, where X is the drive number or drive letter of the USB flash drive, and then click ENTER.
Type clean, and the click ENTER. This command deletes all data from the USB flash drive.
To create a new primary partition on the USB flash drive, type create part pri, and then click ENTER.
To select the partition that you just created, type select part 1, and then click ENTER.
To format the partition, type format fs=ntfs quick, and then click ENTER.
If your server platform supports Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI), you should format the USB flash drive as FAT32 rather than as NTFS. To format the partition as FAT32, type format fs=fat32 quick, and then click ENTER.
Type active, and then click ENTER.
Type exit, and then click ENTER.
When you finish preparing your custom image, save it to the root of the USB flash drive.